THE JEWETT FAMILY
The Jewett family is of Norman origin, but when they settled in England or the origin of the name is uncertain. The name appears in a grea t many forms over the years. The older forms include: Juatt, Juet, Juett, Ivet, Ivett, Juat, Ivat, Juit, Juite, Juite, Juitte. Other forms are: Juet, Jouitt, Jeuit, Jewitt, Jooet, and Jewitt.
The family claims descent from Henri de Juatt a Knight of the first Crusade 1096-99 the name Jueta or Ivets appears in the 'Liber Winton' in a survey of the city of Winchester taken by order of Henry 1 between 1107 and 1128. During the 13th and 14th centuries the name appears frequently on various records. The Court Rolls of the Dutchy of Lancaster (of which Bradford Manor the home of the Jewett family was a part) during the reign of Henry V show a William Jewett summoned to court with others to answer for trespass. 'A grant from Henry VII in 1486 granted a Henry Jewett the office of "Forrester of Windsor Forest and Parker of Sunnyng-Hill Park within Windsor Forest" for life. The Muster Rolls of Henry VII show in Bradford the names of Edward Jooet, Richard Jooet, and John Jooet.
In the records of the Harleian Society Vol 'vii is an entry:
The property described in the deed of William Jewett of Thorpe (probably a cousin to Edward Jewett of Bradford) belonged to the family in 1584 as shown by a survey of the Manor or Lordship of Idle.
Early in January of 1591 an Edward Jewett and others were involved in an assault case as is shown in the records of the Court of Star Chamber.
Edward Jewett the earliest direct ancestor of the Jewett family in America lived in Bradford Yorkshire where he was born in 1580. he married Mary Tayler in 1604, her father was William Tayler also of Bradford. They had four children; William, Maximilian, Joseph, and a daughter Sarah. In his will dated February 2, 1614 he is called a clothier suggesting an interest in the manufacture of cloth.
The term clothier was used in 16th century England to designate a merchant manufacturer of woolen cloth who had in his employ several families engaged in the various stages of its manufacture. During the days of Edward Jewett the production of cloth was carried out in the home. The several stages of the m manufacture being conducted by different members of the family according to age and sex. The clothiers of Yorkshire were considered by others to be amongst the most industrious and frugal in the country. They employed weavers, fullers, and other tradesmen and supplied them with materials.
Edward Jewett was also a man of some means holding several properties in and around Bradford. In the baptism entry of his second son Maximilian he is described as being of "Eckleskill" a suburban township of Bradford.